Semiconductor devices such as transistors, diodes and integrated circuits are found everywhere that are used in our daily lives like in televisions, Walkman, automobiles, computers and washing machines. The whole world has come to depend on them and more and more people have come to expect superior performance at lower cost. During this short span of time the semiconductor industry has gone through a development that was never seen before. Although the industry today is very huge, with billions of dollars spend in only its Research and Development (R&D). Its great significance in the daily life is the cause why to a greater extent governments are inclined to be involved in it, for the reason that if they don’t than it will upset the whole domestic economy.
The growth and development of production of semiconductors in the history has been a real inspiring one. Its production started to double every single year after Twenty years after its invention. The production of the semiconductors was started in the United States, where they were invented. In fact it was U.S only which dominated the worldwide production of the semiconductors until the 1970’s. However later Japan overtook this very respectable title of being the number one semiconductors producer in the world.. But the most prominent development in the world went all the way through in South Korea, which became the modest producer in 1980s and come out to the notable place of the third largest manufacturer only after Japan, and the United States. As result the country became an important player in the world of the semiconductor industry. However there are a number of newly emerged production centers today like Utah “Silicon Valley”, Oregon and Colorado. The growth of the semiconductor industry was very powerful. The sales of the semiconductor in the global market of the industry tripled in every five years. And the biggest user of the chips is the computer industry, as about 60 per cent of the semiconductors sold are incorporated in computers.